Test Catalog

Test ID: MYEFL    
Myelodysplastic Syndrome by Flow Cytometry, Bone Marrow

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

This assay uses 2 panels for identifying cell populations of interest and for characterizing their phenotypic features. In the myelodysplastic syndrome panel, blasts are identified by CD45/side scatter gating strategy and by CD34 expression; promyelocytes are identified by bright CD13, CD33, and CD117 expression without CD34; granulocytes and precursors are defined by their variable expression of CD13 and CD16 according to their maturational stages. Abnormal patterns of myeloid maturation are determined according to the presence or absence of the following features: distinct blast increases over 5%; heterogeneous blast distribution on CD13/HLA-DR plot; expression of CD2, CD7, and/or CD56 on blasts; and disrupted granulocytic maturation on CD13/CD16 plot.(1,2)


Additionally, a triage panel is performed to ensure that monotypic B-cells, increased plasma cells, and phenotypically aberrant populations of CD3-positive T-cells and CD16-positive/CD3-negative natural killer (NK) cells, if present, are identified. This is necessary especially for cases where the reason for referral is broad, where clonal myeloid neoplasms may not be the only diagnostic consideration, or where there is incomplete clinical history and morphologic data.


These panels are used in combination with any available provided clinical history and morphologic findings to determine if any additional testing may be needed for complete disease characterization. If such additional testing is required, it will be added according to laboratory algorithms at an additional charge per unique antibody tested.

Specimen Type Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Bone Marrow

Additional Testing Requirements

If cytogenetic tests are also desired when collecting MYEFL / Myelodysplastic Syndrome by Flow Cytometry, Bone Marrow, an additional specimen should be submitted. It is important that the specimen be obtained, processed, and transported according to instructions for the other required test.

Shipping Instructions

Specimen must be received within 72 hours.

Specimen Required Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing


Preferred: Yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Heparin, EDTA

Specimen Volume: 2-5 mL

Slides: Include 5 to 10 unstained bone marrow aspirate smears, if possible.

Collection Instructions:

1. Submission of bilateral specimens is not required.

2. Label specimen as bone marrow.


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Hematopathology/Cytogenetics Test Request (T726) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

1 mL

Reject Due To Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject

Specimen Stability Information Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen TypeTemperatureTimeSpecial Container
Bone MarrowAmbient